[SDI-AsiaPacific] Using GIS for spatial planning and environmental mgt in India
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Sun Apr 8 10:38:58 EDT 2012
Using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) For Spatial Planning and Environmental Management in India: Critical Considerations
International Journal of Applied Science and Technology Vol. 2 No. 2; February 2012
Abstract: Geographic Information Systems (GIS) are computer-based tools used to collect, store, manipulate and display spatially-referenced information. They are used to support decision-making in a wide variety of contexts, including spatial planning and environmental management. Because the process of GIS production, from software development to visualization of GIS output, is characterized by political, economic and social motivations, it is important that GIS practitioners are aware of issues such as access to data and the political economy of information, and the nature of GIS epistemologies vis-à-vis multiple coexisting perceptions of reality. Lack of such appreciation can lead to social and spatial marginalization of communities. Use of GIS in a research program for environmental management of the Cooum River in Chennai, and in support of participatory processes for managing environment and health in slums are used to demonstrate appropriate
applications of GIS in India. Internet-distributed GIS as a potential avenue to address issues of public access to data is also considered.
Keywords: geographic information systems; GIS; participatory GIS; PGIS; Critical GIS; GIS and society; public participation; Chennai, India; GIS and development
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